There are many points that can bring about an unbearably scratchy scalp. Certain, a quick scratch here and there might not be much to stress over– yet when you suddenly notice white flakes turning up, it can be complicated to recognize what’s going on up there. And there are two reasons that obtain quickly puzzled: dandruff as well as lice. Dandruff is a really usual scalp condition that can cause the look of “snowflakes” on dark clothes. Lice, on the other hand, are little, blood-sucking bugs that often tend to affect younger children and also their families. The good news: Both are commonly safe (despite the fact that they can be a significant hassle) as long as you can place the damaging to an end. But if you haven’t managed either in the past, it can be tough to discriminate between lice as well as dandruff. Right here, physicians describe whatever you must recognize– consisting of exactly how to do away with both completely. What’s the difference between lice and also dandruff? Lice and dandruff can look comparable initially glimpse, yet they’re in fact truly various in numerous ways: Lice vs dandruff creates “Dandruff is swelling in the skin bring about flaking and itching,” states Joshua Zeichner, MD, supervisor of cosmetic and also medical research study in dermatology at Mount Sinai Healthcare Facility in New York City City. Dandruff is driven by your body’s feedback to yeast the lives on your scalp, he says. This is not a representation of bad health. Every person has yeast on their scalp, yet some people respond to it more than others, triggering skin to drop promptly. Head lice, which is additionally called Pediculus humanus capitis, are parasitic bugs that can be found on the head, eyebrows, as well as eyelashes of individuals, according to the Centers for Illness Control and Avoidance (CDC). They have 3 kinds: the egg (aka a nit), nymph, and adult. Nits are laid by adult lice at the base of the hair shaft near the scalp, the CDC discusses. They’re extremely tiny, securely connected to the hair shaft, as well as oval-shaped. Fairies hatch from the nit as well as must feed on blood. Grown-up lice are about the dimension of a sesame seed, and additionally eat blood. Dandruff is not a contagious skin condition, yet head lice spread quickly from one person to another, particularly in kids or individuals that are around children often (like educators, moms and dads, or day care workers). Rest assured, nevertheless, that lice are not known to carry or transmit illness like various other bloodsuckers. DeVil79Getty Pictures Lice vs. dandruff looks Light dandruff creates white (in some cases yellow-colored) flakes on your scalp, describes Gary Goldenberg, MD, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at the Icahn Institution of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital. “In more serious instances, people might have soreness, itching, melting, and thick, greasy scaling,” he states. Nits normally look yellow or white, or they can appear to be the very same color as your hair, the CDC says. It’s easy to confuse them with dandruff, scabs, or hair spray beads, yet nits tend to look like little grains of rice that are securely attached to a hair roots, Dr. Goldenberg claims, while dandruff is more noticeable on the scalp directly. Adult head lice have 6 legs, as well as are tan to grayish-white in color, and fairies resemble smaller variations of adults. Lice vs. dandruff symptoms Dandruff can be extremely scratchy, particularly if you’re managing a completely dry scalp. However the exact same is true for lice: “Clients that have lice commonly suffer serious itchiness in the scalp,” Dr. Zeichner claims. “The itching is typically even worse in the back of the scalp where there has a tendency to be a greater variety of lice.” Nonetheless, lice usually don’t create scaling and also flaking like dandruff can, states Dr. Zeichner. Here are some signs and symptoms to remember for both: Dandruff signs and symptoms Itchy scalp Scaling or crusting on the scalp White or yellow-colored flakes on scalp, hair, eyebrows, or shoulders Pink or red skin from itching Signs and symptoms intensify throughout cold weather Dandruff causes flaking straight on the scalp. cristi_mGetty Images Lice signs Tickling or crawling feeling on the scalp or in hair Intense itching Problem resting (head lice are most active at nighttime) Red bumps or sores on the scalp, neck, or shoulders Little black or brown places at the base of hair Lice affix strongly to hair shafts. SrisakornGetty Images Are the therapies for lice and also dandruff different, also? Yes, and also it is necessary to locate a solution that benefits you. Perpetual damaging from either can interrupt the skin barrier on your scalp as well as possibly bring about an infection. With dandruff, zinc pyrithione is a “best ingredient” for treatment, Dr. Zeichner states. “It reduces degrees of yeast on the scalp to subsequently reduce inch, swelling, and also flakiness,” he says. (You can commonly find this in a medicated hair shampoo developed to deal with dandruff.) If the dandruff is extreme, you might likewise require topical steroid drug to lower the swelling, Dr. Goldenberg says. DERM CHOICE A-D Anti-Dandruff Hair shampoo Nizoral amazon.com $14.79 STORE NOW Nizoral has ketoconazole, a powerful anti-fungal that’s often used in prescription-grade dandruff medications. GO CRAZY REVIEWS Eco-friendly Apple Anti-Dandruff 2 in 1 Hair Shampoo as well as Conditioner Head & & Shoulders amazon.com $11.88 SHOP CURRENTLY Head & & Shoulders is developed with zinc pyrithione to maintain flakes, dryness, and also itchiness at bay. FANTASTIC VALUE Lice Killing Shampoo RID amazon.com $14.35 SHOP CURRENTLY RID Lice Killing Shampoo has piperonyl butoxide as well as pyrethrum extract to remove lice and their eggs. BESTSELLER Terminator Lice Comb Nit Free amazon.com $12.50 STORE CURRENTLY This nit comb has spiral micro-grooved teeth to make sure the smallest nits are not left behind. Lice therapy normally involves over-the-counter topical treatments which contain pest-killing permethrin or pyrethrins, Dr. Zeichner states. A few of these also eliminate the nits however, for those that don’t, you’ll require to retreat the scalp, the CDC says. Afterward, it’s advised that you brush dead and also any type of staying real-time lice out of the hair making use of a fine-tooth nit comb. If that still does not seem to work, your doctor might advise a stronger prescription drug like benzyl alcohol, ivermectin lotion, or malathion. If you’re ultimately not sure what you’re handling, see your general practitioner or skin doctor ASAP. They need to have the ability to detect you promptly as well as obtain you on the appropriate therapy strategy as soon as possible. Like what you simply read? You’ll enjoy our publication! Go below to subscribe. Do not miss a thing by downloading and install Apple Information right here and also adhering to Avoidance. Oh, as well as we’re on Instagram as well.